Flowers Of South America


South America

South America is a large continent almost entirely situated in the southern hemisphere. It stretches from north of the equator south almost to the Antarctic and as such its climate varies considerably. South America is one of the largest exporters of flowers in the world most notably Colombia is only second to Holland as the largest exporter of flowers in the world. As you might expect most of the flowers grow in South America are exported to the USA with Colombia and Ecuador supplying over two thirds of the total American flower imports, but here in the UK we get a sizeable portion of flowers from the South American countries.

Many traditional such as carnations and roses are grown in South America but the warmer climate to the north of the continent and the Equator enables them to produce many tropical varieties. with the Amazonian rainforest South America contains the largest vegetation zone on the planet so it should come as no surprise that it is estimated that South America is the origin of over 3000 plant genera. South of the rainforest the Forest changes to long grass and then south of that there is the steppe. These changes in geography and allow for a very large variety of flower types.

Flowers Native To South America

Flower native to Chile for example called the Rhodophiala Bifida it's a small bulb similar to the Amaryllis flower. The National flower of both Argentina and Uruguay is Erythrina Cristina Galli - also native to South America. The national flower of both Bolivia and Peru is called the Cantua Buxifolia which is native to the Andes region of South America and was a sacred flower of the Incas

Many more well-known flowers such as orchids and lilies have varieties which are native to South America. The sunflower originated in Central and South America where it was grown for its usefulness instead of its beauty. In 1532 a conquistador reported seeing Incas worshipping a giant sunflower. the beautiful Alstroemeria named after botanist Baron Klas von Alstroemer was discovered in South America.

Nearly all of the flowers that the UK gets from South America are shipped in crates across the Atlantic but demand has fallen in the last couple of yethears do to the global recession and this has had a detrimental affect on the South American flower growers, especially those growing more traditional blues which can be sourced from other countries.